The 7 Rules Of The Quotation Marks

Hello students, couple weeks ago we started the use of punctuation marks in the use of English-language. So far we have explained and talked about The usage of comma, The unnecessary comma and The apostrophe as regard how to use punctuation marks in the use of English-language, today we will be explaining and emphasizing on The 7 Rules Of Quotation Marks as one of punctuation marks.

The 7 rules of quotation marks img

Quotation Marks

As you have already known that, we are going to list out the rules that guide the usage of quotation mark, that is, when, how and where to use quotation marks as a punctuation in english language. There are 7 significant rules of quotation marks.

But first, note this :Grammar Checkers are no help with quotation marks because the grammar checkers fail to recognize direct and indirect quotation marks and they also fail in identifying quotation marks used incorrectly inside periods{the full stop} or comma, and they do not also point out a missing quotation mark in a pair. But thanks to Grammarly Error Checker Tool{Get yours today} They fish out every mistakes in grammar.
So let move on to the 7 rules of quotation marks, wait, hope you have obtain The Grammatical Error Checker Tool - if not kindly obtain yours now.

Rule 1

Use Quotation Marks To Enclose Direct Quotations
Direct quotations of a person's words, whether spoken or written, must be in quotation marks.

E.g: "Things may come to those who wait but only the things left by those who hustle," wrote by Abraham Lincoln.
Note: Do not use quotation marks around indirect quotation. What is an indirect quotation? An indirect quotation reports someone's ideas without using that person exact words.

In the above quote, Abraham Lincoln believed that hustlers will be succeed poke
In dialogue, start a new paragraph to mark a change in speaker.

for example:
a} "Sarah, his name is jack, not Jackson. A dozen times I've told you, it's Jack."

"Jack is a derivative of Jackson, John. Surely his birth certificate doesn't have Jack on it, and I like calling people by their proper names."
"Yes, It does, miss. my father named me Jack Andrew."
If a single speaker utters more than one paragraph, introduce each paragraph with a quotation Marks , but do not use closing quotation marks until the end of the speech or statement.

Rule 2

Set Off Long Quotation Of Prose Or Poetry By Indenting

a} When a quotation of prose runs to more than four typed lines in your paper, set it off by indenting one inch{for ten spaces} from the left margin. Quotation marks are not required because the indented format tells readers that the quotation is taken word-for-word from the source. Long quotations are ordinarily introduced by a sentence ending with a colon.

Let give one example to this:

After making an exhaustive study of historical record, James Horan evaluates Billy the kid like this:

The portrait that emerges of {the Kid} from the thousands of pages of affidavits,

reports, trial transcripts, his letters, and his testimony is neither the mythical Robin Hood

nor the stereotyped adenoidal moron and pathological killer. Rather Billy appears as a disturbed, lonely young man,

honest, loyal to this friends, dedicated to his beliefs, and betrayed by our institutions

and the corrupt, ambitious, and compromising politicians{political science} in his time.

From the example above, you will see that the left margin was indented ten times.

Note: When you quote two or more paragraphs from the source, indent the first line of each paragraph an additional one-half inch or five spaces.

b} When you quote more than three lines of a poem, set the quoted lines off from the text by indenting one inch or ten spaces from the left margin. Use no quotation marks unless they appear in the poem itself. {To quote two or three lines of poetry}.

Although many anthologizers "modernize" her punctuation, Emily Dickinson relied heavily on dashes, using them, perhaps, as a musical device. Below, is the original version of the opening stanza from "The Snake":

A narrow fellow in the Grass

Occasionally rides--

You may have met Him--did you not

His notice sudden is--

Now let move to the third Rule of quotation marks:

Rule 3

Use Single Quotation Marks To Enclose A Quotation Within A Quotation.


According to Paul Elliott, Eskimo hunters "chant an ancient magic song to the seal they are after: "Beast of seal! Come and place yourself before me in the early morning!' "

Rule 4:

Use Quotation Marks Around The Titles Of Short Works: Newspaper And Magazine Articles, Poems, Short Stories, Songs, Episodes Of Television And Radio Programs, And Chapters Or Subdivision Of Books.

For example:

a} Katherine Mansfield's "The Garden Party" provoked a lively discussion in our short-story class last night.

Note: Titles of books, plays, Web sites, television and radio programs, films, magazines, and newspapers are put in italics or underlined. I will explain Usage of italics and underlining in the next topic, which is Mechanics where we will be talking about Abbreviations, Spelling, Numbers, The hyphen, Italics(underlining) and Capital letters

For example:
a} An Online Academic Classes

Rule 5

Quotation Marks May Be Used To Set Off Words Used As Words

Although words used as words are ordinarily italicized{I'll explain better in mechanics}, quotation marks are also acceptable. Just be sure to follow consistent practice throughout a paper.


a} The words "afford" and "avoid" are frequently confused.

The words afford and avoid are frequently confused.

Rule 6

Use Punctuation With Quotation Marks According To Convention.

Please note: This section describes the conventions used by American publishers in placing various marks of punctuation inside or outside quotation marks. it also explains how to punctuate when introducing quoted material.

Periods And Commas

I believed you should know what a comma is, and how to use them - refer to The Rules Of Comma but what about The Period?
Period means full stop. Which is used to put an end to a sentence or a statement. Period a.k.a full stop is also used to in Abbreviations, like the one I just used now: a.k.a which is the abbreviation for Also Known As.
So back to where we are, how to apply the Comm and the Period to quotation marks.

Place periods and commas inside quotation marks.

a} "This is delicious, " said the young lady. "I want more please."

Note:This rule applies to single quotation marks as well as double quotation marks - Check Rule 3.
It also applies to all uses of quotation marks: for quoted material, for titles of works, and for words used as words.
The periods follows the citation in parenthesis.

Exception For The Rule Of Periods And Commas

In the Modern Language Association's{MLA} style of parenthetical in-text citation.

for example:
a} James M. McPherson comments, approvingly, that the Whigs "were not averse to extending the blessings of American liberty, even to Mexicans and Indians.

Colons And Semicolons

Pit colons and semicolons outside quotation marks.

a} Harold wrote, "I regret that I am unable to attend the fundraiser for AIDS research"; his letter, however, came with a substantial contribution.

Question Marks And Exclamation Points

Put question marks and exclamation points inside quotation marks unless they apply to the whole sentence.

a} Contrary to tradition, bedtime at my house is marked by "Mommy, can I tell you a story now?"

b} Have you heard the old proverb "Do not climb the hill until you reach it "?.

In the first sentence, the question mark applies only to the quoted question but in the second sentence, the question mark applies to the whole sentence.

Note: In MLA style for a quotation that end with a question mark or an exclamation point, the parenthetical citation and a period should follow the entire quotation.

For example:

a} Rosie Thomas asks, "Is nothing in life ever straight and clear, the way children see it ?"

Introducing Quoted Material

After a word group introducing a quotation, choose a colon, a comma, or no punctuation at all, whichever is appropriate in context.

Formal Introduction

If a quotation has been formally introduced, a colon is appropriate. A formal Introduction is a full independent clause, not just an expression such as he said or she remarked.

For example:

a} Morrow views personal ads in the classifieds as an art form: "The personal ads is like a haiku of self-celebration, a brief solo played on one's own horn.

Expression Such As He Said

If a quotation is introduced with an expression such as he said or she remarked - or if it is followed by such an expression - a comma is needed.

For example:
a} Stephen Leacock once said, "I am a great believer in luck, and I find the harder I work the more I have of it,"

b} "You can be little ungrammatical if you come from the right part of the country," writes Robert Frost.

Blending Quotation

When a quotation is blended into the writer's own sentence, either a comma or no punctuation is appropriate, depending on the way in which the quotation fits into the sentence structure.

a} Charles Hudson notes that the prisoners escaped "by squeezing through a tiny window eighteen feet above the floor of their cell,"

b} The future champion could, as he put it, "float like a butterfly and sting like a bee."

Beginning A Sentence

If a quotation appears at the beginning of a sentence, set it off with a comma unless the quotation ends with a question mark or an exclamation point.

a} "What is it?" I asked, bracing myself.

b} "We shot them like dogs," boasted Davy Crockett, who was among Jackson's troops.

Interrupted Quotation

If a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, use commas to set off the explanatory words.

a} "A great many people think they are thinking," observed William James, "when they are merely rearranging their prejudices."

If two successive quoted sentence from the same source are interrupted by explanatory words, use a comma before the explanatory words and a period after them.

For example:

a} "I was a flop as a daily reporter," admitted E.B. White. "Every piece had to be a masterpiece - and before you knew it, Tuesday was Wednesday."

Rule 7

Avoid Common Misuses Of Quotation Marks.

Do not use quotation marks to draw attention to familiar slang, to shown trite expression, or to justify an attempt at humor.

For example:

a} After leaving the scene of the domestic quarrel, the officer said that "he was due for a coffee break."

Reason: Do not use quotation marks around the title of your own essay

Correction to "a"
i} After leaving the scene of the domestic quarrel, the officer said that he was due for a coffee break.

Example 2
b} Between Thanksgiving and Super Bowl Sunday, many Americans wives become "football widows."

Reason: Do not use quotation marks around indirect quotation - Check Rule 1

Correction to "b"
ii} Between Thanksgiving and Super Bowl Sunday, many Americans wives become football widows.

And we have come to the end of the 7 rules of quotation marks. our next topic in the use of English-language is End punctuation. Below are questions on the 7 rules of quotation marks which you can practice and submit you answer through the comment box. Before then, Make Sure You Get Your Own Grammatical Error Checker Tool to enhance your reading and understanding.

Questions On The 7 Rules Of Quotation Marks

Check the sentences below for correction of proper use of the quotation marks if sentence is correct write correct in the comment box

a} As an advertisement "Sailors have more fun", if you consider chipping paint and swabbing decks fun, then you will have plenty of it.

hint: Use Rule 1;

b} "Cleaning your house while your kids are still growing," quipped Phyllis Diller, "is like shoveling the walk before it stops snowing.

hint: Use Rule 5;

c} After the movie Sarah said, "The reviewer called this flick "trash of the first order." I guess you can't believe everything you read."

hint: Use Rule 4;

d} "That's the most beautiful seashell I've ever seen!", shouted Alexa.

hint: Use Rule 6, under question marks and exclamation points;

e} "Get your head in the game, and the rest will come" advised the coach just before the whistle.

hint: Use Rule 7;

f} After winning the lottery, James said that "there is God and he will give half of it to charity."

hint: Use Rule 3;

make sure you practice those questions on the 7 Rule of quotation marks and also obtain your Grammatical Error Checker Tool see you next class.

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