Rules Of Future Tense

The topic for today on the use of English language is rules of future tense, this class session explain everything on rules that govern the usage of future tense and also a course to enrol on for better understanding

Rules Of Future Tense

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Rules Of Future Tense

Future tense : From the word "future" it use to express an action that will happen or occur in future,
Future tense : is also a tense that carries modal auxiliaries and lexical verbs.

I hope you still remember what auxiliary and modal auxiliary verbs are? But if you don't here is the Basic Structure of English to structure of English language. You might also want to consider reading The Rules Of Concord And The Use Of Noun And Pronoun

Modal auxiliary verbs are, can, shall and will, but we only use two particular modal auxiliary verb for future tense which are both shall and↑

Note : only I and we can be use with shall other personal pronouns cannot be use with shall but all personal pronouns goes with will, please note this.

What am saying is that, it is wrong to say;
(1) he shall go or
(2) They shall go.

Please also Note this: The only situation where you can use shall with all personal pronouns is when it is used as commands tone or orders

I believe you know what personal nouns are?
Examples of personal nouns;
a] I
b]  We,
c] He,
d] She,
e] It,
f]  You and,
g]   They.

You can read Noun And Pronoun for better↑

You are advise to have a jotter beside you whenever you are reading on both online and offline, inorder to jot the key point, especially the ones that are noted in the session.

You know to everything in this life, there are always Rules that govern it,
Same thing also in The use of English language.

There Eighteen(18) Rules That Determine How Sentences Can Be Formed To Be In Future Tense.

You can also read The 24 Rules Of Concord

So one after the other;

First Rule,

a] Subject + primary auxiliary + supposed,
Whenever you form a sentence in the above structure, your suppose must be in past tense [ "Supposed" ],top↑

I believe you know what modal auxiliary verbs are, but if you don't, maybe probably you are just joining us or you didn't understand the last time you read it, no worry, I have drop the link above, click a link that says "The basic structure of English language" to read everything on Modal auxiliary verbs and other form of verbs.

Example (1)
(1) The girls are supposed to be here not The girls are suppose
to be here.
and it is also wrong to say The girls supposed to be here. , because you have to include "Modal auxiliary↑

Example (2)

(2) Michael is supposed
to be here not
Michael is suppose to be here., it is also wrong to say Michael supposed to be here., because you have to include Modal auxiliary verb.

Second Rule;

b] Whenever as if is used in a sentence, the verb that follows should be in past form.
Example (1)
(1) She walks as if she were a model not She walks as if she is a↑
(1) James talks as if he knew everything.

Third Rule ;

c] Whenever has/have/had is used, the verb that follows must be Past Participle
(1) We have written  our notes

we have write/wrote our notes.
(2) James has eaten not James has ate .top↑

Fought Rule;

d] Whenever you use has/have/had , do not indicate any definite time of when the action was performed, the only way you can use definite time with has/have/had, is by putting since or for before the time indicated.
(1) He went yesterday

he has left yesterday. but it is correct to say he has left since yesterday.

Other correct examples are;
(2) James has gone for + three hours
(3) James has gone since + five 0'clock top↑

Let go to the fifth rule:

Fifth Rule;

e] Whenever you use wish the next verb should be in Past Tense,

Wish + Subject + past tense verb

(1) I wish I were you.
(2) I wish I knew you.

Sixth Rule;

f] Whenever mind, minded, like, being kept and help etc are used, the next verb should be in continuous form (ing),top↑
(1) We do not mind walking not we do not mind to walk.
(2) I like eating when watching television, not I like to eat when watching television.
(3) I couldn't help laughing yesterday, not I couldn't help to laugh yesterday.

Seventh Rule;

g] Whenever happened, seem, appeared + to have is use in a sentence, the next verb must be in Past Participle.

Subject + happened/seem/appeared + to have + Past Participle

(1) He happened to have died.
(2) The students happened to have offended the principal.
(3) I shouldn't have appeased the traffic policeman, but I happened to have flouted some traffic↑

Eighth Rule;

h] Clause balancing (1);
In an examination, you may see a question with two clauses, but only one clause will be given to you and the other clause will be in gap for you to fill it with the correct answer,

// if he had left earlier //, // he would not have gotten late to school //.

In the use of English language as a subject, " //(strokes) " means a clause, so therefore, there are two clauses in the above sentence,top↑

So start from the first stroke, from if to earlier and from he to school, those two clauses are two different clauses joined together,
Simply in situation like this, one of the clause has to be the question and the other, the answer.

So whenever you have this type of question, just use the formula above to solve the question,

Other example;
(1) // he would have answered the phone //, // if the phone had rung //
I hope you understand now, to the ninth rule↑

Ninth rule;

I] Clause balancing;
i] // Subject + present tense // + // Subject + Present Tense //

ii] // Subject + Past Tense // + Subject + past tense //

In a situation where there are two clauses in a sentence, the verb to use will be determine by the tense form in the first clause,top↑

What am saying is this, if the verb in the first clause is in the present then the verb in the second clause will also be in present, same thing apply for past tense,
That is, the first clause verb, will determine the second clause verb.

(1) // she call us// and we answer her.// (present + present) not she call us // and we answered her.
(2) // she called us// and we answered her.// (past + past) not she called us // and we answer .top↑

Enrol For This Tenses Course To Improve Your Understanding On The Rules That Guide Tense Usage

Tenth Rule;

// "by" / when + future time + subject + would or will or shall + have + past participle verb.

E.g (following the above procedure)
1) By next month I shall have watched 5 movies.

2) By January she would have read 10 books.

3) By or when it is night fall she will have slept for 5 hours.

In the above example, either will or would or shall can be used but remember it is only I or we can be used with↑

It is very wrong to say, he shall or she shall but I or will shall.

Eleventh Rule ;

After it is time or it is high time + subject, a past tense verb must follows.

E.g ( using above procedure)

1) it is high time I went home not it is high time I go or goes home.

2) it is time john came back from work not it is time john come back from work.

But if says or said appears, it will determine whether you would have "it is time or it is hightime or it was time or it was hightime",
E.g (using above procedure)top↑

1) She says (present tense) it is time or hightime she left.

2) She said (past tense) it was time or hightime he left.

I.e present tense goes with is and past tense goes with was.

Twelfth Rule

// + Subject + present tense// + subject + present tense,top↑

E.g (using above procedure)
1) If you travel you will gain more knowledge.

2) if you exercise you will lose more weight.

But if the sentence is in this structure;

// "if" + subject + past tense// + // subject + past tense + //

E.g (using above structure)
1) If you travelled you would gain more↑

2) If you exercised you would lose more weight.

Thirtieth Rule

Subject + would rather + subject + past tense

E.g (using above procedure)
1) I would rather you came tomorrow not I would rather you come tomorrow.

2) I would rather suggest you left the house not I would rather suggest you leave the house.

Fourteenth Rule ;

Subject + would rather + present tense
E.g (using above procedure)top↑

1) I would rather come tomorrow.
2) I would rather leave the house.

Note : please take note of the difference between rule number 13 and rule 14.

Rule number 13 contains two subjects while rule number 14 contains one subject.

Fifteenth Rule

Subject + primary auxiliary verb + to have + past participle.

Examples of primary auxiliary verb are believed, thought, imagined, said, feared, etc.

E.g (using above procedure)
1) He was believed to have died.
Or you can simply says : he was said to have↑

Sixteenth Rule

There are conditions to consider, before using had
These conditions are;
1) There must be two clauses
2) There should be one of the following time adverbs : after, until, when, before, etc.

1) he had left (clause 1) before I arrived (clause 2).

Note : "before" serves as a conjunction between the two clauses. And it is very wrong to use has or have in this manner.

Seventeenth Rule

Subject + had better + present tense

Eg (Using above procedure)
1) You had better run now before you mummy catches you not you better run now before you mummy catches you.

Eighteenth Rule

Any verb that follows to should be present tense without s, even if the event you are describing is in past↑

E.g (using above procedure)
1) She likes to see me not she likes to sees me.
2) I wanted to go last night not I wanted to goes.

Exceptions To Eighteenth Rule

If the verb that follows is in ing form I.e continuous
For example;
1) She is used to dancing.
2) I look forward to seeing him.
3) They are devoted to helping their neighbors.
4) He admitted to stealing the money.
5)She prefers cooking to washing
6) He confessed to committing the crime, and so on.
Other associated words are walking, killing, writing, running, talking, singing, dancing and↑
Apart from all these verbs, any other verbs that follows to should be in present tense without s.

Those are the 18 rules to form a correct future tenses. Enrol For This Tenses Course To Improve Your Understanding On The Rules That Guide Tense Usage

Next Topic :Noun And Pronoun

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